THE CLOSED CIRCLE by Jonathan Coe
A review of

The Closed Circle

by Jonathan Coe

Central question: Does Great Britain need recovered-memory therapy?
Format: 384 pp, hardcover; Size: 6 1/4" x 9 1/4"; Price: $25; Publisher: Knopf; Editor: Gary Fisketjon; Cover Design: Peter Mendelsund; Typeface: Janson; Author’s other just-released book: Like a Fiery Elephant: The Story of B.S. Johnson; Representative passage: “‘An unspeakable excrescence of a city,’” he wrote, “‘as if God had unwisely partaken the night before of a divine Vindaloo of horrific pungency, and promptly evacuated his bowels over the West Midlands the next morning. The people pallid, corpse-like, moronic; the buildings so ugly as to induce a state of actual nausea in the hapless onlooker.’”

In the closing pages of Jonathan Coe’s The Rotters’ Club (2001), which spans 1973 to 1979 among schoolmates in the English Midlands, a character makes the confident assertion that “that woman”—Margaret Thatcher, not Miss Lewinsky—“will never be Prime Minister of this country.” And she never is, at least not between the covers of The Closed Circle. Part two of Coe’s Birmingham ensemble diptych begins in 1999, skipping over the ascendancy and desiccation of iron-fisted Thatcherism—as well as the first two halcyon years of “New Labour” under Tony Blair—and the lacuna is like a repressed memory of trauma.

Two decades on, the erstwhile bright young things of King William’s School have clearly absorbed their share of shocks, but the damp accretion of diminished expectations and middle-aged stagnancy have exacted more of a toll. Benjamin Trotter—the brilliant one—is at first a writer and composer who happens to work in an accountant’s office, but all too soon he’s an accountant who occasionally writes and composes. Doug Anderton—working-class scholarship student and son of a union man—is now a columnist for a Times-like broadsheet and married into a posh set that breeds children with names like Coriander and Emerald. Benjamin’s little brother, Paul—whom Doug estimated in their school days as “a creepy little right-wing shit”—grows into a creepy little New Labour shit, a dim yet ambitious MP. Onetime school-paper columnist Claire Newman returns home from a few years’ sabbatical in Italy to a country where, suddenly, everyone is on the phone and everyone is smoldering with free-floating anger.

Post-Blair, Claire muses, the nation has become more apathetic, but “if you scratch the surface of that apathy, I think what you find underneath is something else altogether—a terrible, seething frustration.” One might wish that Coe had gone about diagnosing the causes and symptoms of that repressed rage—spend a couple of years in Britain and you’ll sense it too—because it seems a crucial emotional component to his social-historical project in The Rotters’ Club and The Closed Circle. Coe bemoans the collapse of any vestige of civic solidarity in the new gilded age as forcefully as the Australian Elliot Perlman or the American Thomas Frank, and deploys Doug Anderton as a lone voice of protest at the euthanasia of Old Labour by New: “The left’s moved way over to the right, the right’s moved a tiny bit to the left, the circle’s been closed and everyone else can go fuck themselves.”

“Everyone else” would include Steve Richards, the only black kid at King William’s, whose Rotters’ Club misfortunes continue in The Closed Circle when Claire’s robber-baron boyfriend lays him off and white-supremacist thugs deluge his family with hate mail. But Steve is just a saintly bit-player; elsewhere in Circle, the sharp-elbowed agents of the New Rationalization rarely stride through the front door and take a seat at the dinner table. At book’s end, Coe returns to the pair of now-grown children who’ve been telling the story all along, and mines some unspecified hope from the simple fact of their youth, and from what he perceives as their modest wish for only “the chance to repeat the mistakes their parents had made.” But what happens if they wish for more? captures a present-tense national mood that many Americans may recognize too well: bemused acquiescence.

—Jessica Winter

Native Buffalonian Jessica Winter lives in Stoke Newington, London.

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